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Parents’ binge eating, restrictive feeding practices may be reactions to kids’ emotions

first_imgShare Although numerous studies have examined the potentially detrimental effects of restrictive feeding practices on children, the current study was novel in that it focused on the interplay of the parent’s emotions with their controlling the child’s food intake, said lead author Jaclyn A. Saltzman, a doctoral researcher in human development and family studies and scholar in the Illinois Transdisciplinary Obesity Prevention Program.“Previous research has linked restrictive feeding practices to children’s overeating, eating when they’re not hungry and to higher child body weight, so we know it’s a problem for children’s health,” Saltzman said.“We also know that parental binge eating is related to restrictive feeding, but it’s a counterintuitive relationship. Why is caloric excess in one individual related to caloric restriction in the family? We wanted to explore why that was happening,” Saltzman said.Adults who binge eat – defined in the study as eating unusually large amounts of food in an uncontrolled manner without compensatory behaviors such as purging – often struggle with feelings of shame and guilt about their behavior and have difficulty regulating their emotions, studies have found.“Parents are people, too, and we knew that parents who binge are going to experience a lot of distress because of those behaviors, so we tried to take a sympathetic approach,” Saltzman said. “We hypothesized that this emotional overload was going to bleed out into the parent-child relationship, and that’s exactly what we found. Binge eating did affect restrictive feeding practices through parents’ distress about their children’s negative emotions.”Parents in the study completed a survey indicating how they would likely respond to their child’s anger, fear or crying in various hypothetical situations, and parents’ responses were scored as being supportive – behaviors that were emotion- and problem-focused – or unsupportive, which included feeling distress, minimizing the problem or punishing the child.Comparing data on the adults who were binge eaters with other parents in the study, the researchers found that parental binge eating was correlated with feeling distress in response to children’s negative emotions and was associated with restricting the child’s food intake for health reasons or to control the child’s weight.“We think there are two possible reasons why that was happening: Parents who binge eat may be so focused on trying to control their own distress that they might struggle to respond sensitively to their children’s emotions and to their cues of hunger or satiety,” Saltzman said.“Having trouble in sensitivity to the children’s emotions was leading to trouble with sensitivity to the children’s hunger in the feeding environment. It also could have been possible that parents who binge eat were trying to help their children avoid engaging in the same type of behavior, so they may have restricted the children’s intake in an effort to curb excessive overeating behavior,” Saltzman said.Saltzman cautioned that since the study was a cross-sectional analysis of the data, the researchers can’t make a statistical inference that parental binge eating is caused by parents’ responses to their children’s emotions. However, from a theoretically grounded perspective, that explanation makes the most sense, Saltzman said.“We want researchers and practitioners working with problems around eating and weight to consider how parents’ emotions are being brought to the dining table,” Saltzman said. “Self-regulation is important for emotions, but it’s also important for eating behavior. Many researchers have looked at the interplay of children’s emotions with their eating behaviors. However, parents control the amounts and types of food they feed their children, so you really want to focus on what’s happening with parents’ emotions, not just what’s happening with the kids.” Share on Facebook Share on Twitter Emailcenter_img Pinterest LinkedIn A new study of more than 440 parents and their preschoolers offers insight into why some parents who binge eat also may try to restrict their children’s food intake, placing their children at higher risk for unhealthy eating habits and weight problems.Parents who reported feeling distress when their child was angry, crying or fearful were more likely to engage in episodes of binge eating – and to limit the amounts or types of food they provided to their children, University of Illinois researchers found.In the three months preceding the study, 52 parents in the sample, or about 2 percent, reported episodes of binge eating, which ranged in frequency from one to five times per week. Parents also were assessed for depression, anxiety and stress, and completed questionnaires about their use of specific feeding practices with their children and their children’s eating behaviors.last_img read more

Study suggests that attractive candidates for the U.S. House of Representatives are more likely to win votes

first_imgEmail Pinterest Share on Twitter Share on Facebook Sharecenter_img LinkedIn A study published in American Politics Research suggests that the electoral success of U.S. House candidates is partly based on perceptions of their physical attractiveness.Psychology research has long demonstrated the existence of a “beauty premium”, whereby physically attractive people receive benefits in various areas of life. One of these areas is politics, where attractiveness has been linked to electoral outcomes.Study authors Sebastian Jäckle and his team wanted to build off this research in several ways. They designed a study to explore whether the simple attractiveness of a candidate’s face is most important for electoral success, or whether it is the competence and likeability associated with their face that matters. They also considered how other features, such as gender, may affect the interplay between appearance and vote choice. A survey presented participants with photos of candidates for the 2016 U.S. House of Elections. To eliminate the interference of pre-existing judgments, a German sample was recruited and participants were asked to disclose whether they recognized any of the candidates.Each participant was shown 30 pairs of faces and asked to rate which of the two candidates they found most beautiful, most likable, and most competent.Researchers found that attractiveness — but not likeability or competency — had a positive effect on a candidate’s vote share. They report, “A change in perceived attractiveness from 0 to 1 (i.e., from no one rating the winner as more attractive to 100% rating the winner as the more attractive candidate) increases the distance in the first votes between the winner and the runner-up by 11.97 percentage points.”Remarkably, this advantage was true even when controlling for factors like partisanship, presidential votes, total money spent on the campaign, and the economic state of a given district.There are several proposed mechanisms for this attractiveness advantage when it comes to electoral success. As the researchers describe, “During campaigns, pictures of the candidates are readily available (e.g., from campaign posters or newspapers) and the electorate uses these pictures as “thin slices” (Ambady & Rosenthal, 1992) of information to infer personal traits of the contestants which they cannot readily learn about otherwise.”This creates what researchers call a “halo effect”, where the easily accessed trait of appearance taints an observer’s judgments of other traits. Thus, people may subconsciously make inferences about a candidate’s other attributes based on their perceptions of the candidate’s appearance.Interesting, attractiveness was only important to success when it came to male-only districts and mixed-gender districts. In female-only districts, attractiveness did not affect vote share, but likeability did.“At this point, we can only speculate why likability seems to work as an evaluative dimension for women, but not for men,” the researchers discuss. “One option might be that the attractiveness heuristic at least in politics works differently for men and women. While voters seem to have no problem basing their decision in male only or mixed districts on the role-unrelated factor beauty, this is not the case for female candidates.”Jäckle and colleagues describe the profound implications of their findings for electoral candidates. “Candidates aware of the mechanism could actively try to shape their appearance and thus boost not only their attractiveness rating but also their chances at the elections. Our data show that, for example, a simple change from wearing glasses to contact lenses could already make a difference.”The study, “A Catwalk to Congress? Appearance-Based Effects in the Elections to the U.S. House of Representatives 2016”, was authored by Sebastian Jäckle, Thomas Metz, Georg Wenzelburger, and Pascal D. König.last_img read more

Researchers outline ways to control MRSA in hospitals

first_imgMar 22, 2010 (CIDRAP News) – Healthcare-associated infections in hospitals, including methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), can be controlled through a variety of strategies that can be tuned to local and national systems, according to research presented this past weekend.Researchers speaking at the Fifth Decennial International Conference on Healthcare-Associated Infections, held in Atlanta, described successful campaigns to curb healthcare-associated infections (HAIs) that relied on mandatory public reporting of infection rates and also on aggressive infection-control practices.Separately, a group of community hospitals in the southeastern United States reported that MRSA is no longer their most challenging HAI, having been surpassed by Clostridium difficile.In one set of research, the French national infection-control program found that requiring healthcare facilities throughout the country to report their rates of HAIs in a public national program produced significant drops in infection rates.The mandatory-reporting program was part of a broader HAI-control effort that included appointing local and regional infection-control teams, creating antibiotic-stewardship committees, adopting guidelines for preventing surgical-site infections, and working to educate patients.In a 2006 survey that covered more than 2,300 hospitals and other facilities, the program demonstrated that all HAIs had decreased by 12% since 2001, and surgical-site infections had fallen 38%. Over that period, HAIs caused by MRSA fell by 40%.In a second project, Virginia Commonwealth University Medical Center forced down its rate of MRSA HAIs by instituting broad infection-control measures that included aggressive reinforcement of hand hygiene, daily antiseptic baths for ICU patients, “bare below the elbows” recommendations for eliminating germ-carrying clothing and jewelry, and several “bundles” of specific actions to be performed when placing central-line catheters and caring for patients on ventilators.The multi-part program, which was rolled out in steps starting in 2004, reduced MRSA central line-associated bloodstream infections by 91%, MRSA catheter-associated urinary tract infections by 62%, and MRSA ventilator-associated pneumonia by 92%. In one 3-month period, the third quarter of 2009, there were no MRSA device-associated infections in any of VCU’s eight intensive-care units.The VCU team underlined in its presentation that the hospital reduced infections without using active surveillance and testing, the practice of checking all high-risk patients for MRSA colonization on admission to the hospital or to a particular unit and placing them in isolation until they are deemed clear of the organism. (Active surveillance and testing is in use in some hospitals in France.)Also at the meeting, the Duke Infection Control Outreach Network announced results of surveillance from 30 community hospitals in North Carolina, in which they found that the leading cause of HAIs in their institutions was not MRSA but C difficile, which is more difficult to control because it forms spores that persist in the environment and resist many cleaning regimens. HAIs caused by C difficile were as common as bloodstream infections and more common than HAIs caused only by MRSA, the group said.May-Michelangeli L, et al. Nosocomial infections control in France: the 2005-2008 national program Presented at the Fifth Decennial International Conference on Healthcare-Associated Infections, Mar 20, 2010 [Abstract]Edmond M, et al. The demise of MRSA at an academic medical center. Presented at the Fifth Decennial International Conference on Healthcare-Associated Infections, Mar 19, 2010 [Abstract]Miller BA, et al. The impact of hospital-onset healthcare facility associated (HO-HCFA) Clostridium difficile infection (CDI) in community hospitals: surpassing methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) as the new superbug. Presented at the Fifth Decennial International Conference on Healthcare-Associated Infections, Mar 20, 2010 [Abstract]last_img read more

Grosvenor’s new captain

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Taxing Times Ahead!

first_imgTo access this article REGISTER NOWWould you like print copies, app and digital replica access too? SUBSCRIBE for as little as £5 per week. Would you like to read more?Register for free to finish this article.Sign up now for the following benefits:Four FREE articles of your choice per monthBreaking news, comment and analysis from industry experts as it happensChoose from our portfolio of email newsletterslast_img

PIRA: Race Is On in Korea and China for Winter LNG Cargoes

first_imgPIRA Energy Group believes that the competition is on in Korea and China for incremental winter LNG cargoes. In the U.S., producer survey reveals results broadly in line with recent surveys. Supply red flags keep Europe guessing. Specifically, PIRA’s analysis of natural gas market fundamentals has revealed the following:China and Korea Gear Up for WinterIn the key Asian growth markets of Korea and China, the competition is on for incremental winter LNG cargoes, with the former showing growth related to fuel substitution (lower nuclear capacity) and seasonal use, while the latter will come from new import infrastructure opening up new markets. Demand indicators from October show no decrease in the pace of incremental buying by Korea, even without the colder than normal weather factor. The activation of these two ports will increase Chinese import capacity by some 10-mmcm/d and aside from weather in Northern China (a similar seasonal demand profile to Korea), two entirely new markets will be opened without the corresponding addition of dedicated new supplies which can only mean more buyers for the same level of volumes.Producer Survey Reveals Results Broadly In Line With Recent SurveysThe more things change, the more they seem to stay the same. PIRA’s 3Q13 Producer Survey reveals results broadly in line with recent surveys. Namely, a subset of companies active in the nation’s most prolific shale play — the Marcellus — remain responsible for pushing U.S. production to record highs, while most others tread water.Supply Red Flags Keep Europe GuessingAfter record gas injections in October 2013, PIRA had been somewhat less concerned about a supply squeeze this winter, but the early hoisting of several new red flags on supply has us concerned. Russia showed back in October that its production capacity was in good shape going into winter; what it cannot guarantee is that domestic demand will cooperate (by being low) or that we are not headed into another Ukrainian transit fiasco. While Russian gas production has dipped below normal in November, at around 1.85-bcm/d, Gazprom officials are deeply concerned about access to Russian gas for Western Europe via Ukraine.[mappress]LNG World News Staff, November 21, 2013last_img read more

Brasil: PLSV Sapura Diamante Kicks Off at Petrobras

first_imgUpstream oil and gas services provider SapuraKencana Petroleum Berhad (SapuraKencana), has reached a key milestone in its international operations by starting ahead of schedule its first pipe-laying support vessel (PLSV) work for state-run PETROBRAS in the pre-salt waters off Brazil. This maiden foray for the SapuraKencana in Brazilian waters was undertaken by its brand new PLSV “Sapura Diamante” on June 28, 2014, more than 3 months ahead of the original contractual delivery date.SapuraKencana’s offshore operations in Brazil for PETROBRAS are being executed there by its Brazilian joint venture company Sapura Navegacao Maritima (SNM), a 50:50 venture with offshore drilling firm Seadrill.“This is indeed a key milestone for us as it signals the start of SapuraKencana’s PLSV operations in Brazil, our single biggest foreign market,” said Tan Sri Dato’ Seri Shahril Shamsuddin, President and Group CEO of SapuraKencana Petroleum.“Soon revenues from this new geographical area of operation are set to start contributing to the Group’s future results.”“We are proud to have been able to keep our promise and deliver ahead of schedule the first of the six PLSVs contracted by Petrobras,” he added. “We are confident that we will be able to fulfill our remaining contractual obligations to PETROBRAS in similar fashion and continue developing more local expertise in Brazil.”In November 2011 and in June 2013, SapuraKencana’s joint venture company in Brazil, SNM, was awarded two major contracts by PETROBRAS worth a total of US$4.1 billion to build and operate a total of 6 PLSVs for offshore work in Brazil. Three of the PLSVs from the contract awarded in 2011 would be on 5+5 year contracts while the remaining 3 from the contract in 2013 would be on 8+8 year contracts.The PLSVs contracted by PETROBRAS to develop deep sea oilfields at depths of up to 3,000 metres will be fitted with world class Remotely Operated Vehicles (ROVs) developed and built by Sapurakencana’s Australian subsidiary, Total Marine Technology Pty Ltd.The fully integrated PLSV, “Sapura Diamante”, built by IHC Merwede in Rotterdam, Netherlands, is the first of the 6 vessels contracted by PETROBRAS to have been deployed for work.Of the remaining five, the second vessel “Sapura Topazio” was recently launched in Rotterdam and is now being fitted for work. It is expected to be put into service in Brazil by the end of this year.Still under construction are the PLSVs “Sapura Onix”, which is expected to go into service in mid-2015, and the “Sapura Jade”, “Sapura Esmeralda” and “Sapura Rubi” which are set to be delivered progressively in 2016.Press Release, July 02, 2014last_img read more

CEE merges with Priority Cargo Network

first_imgWith immediate effect, the two networks will merge their activities under the Priority Cargo Network brand. A statement on the company’s website said that the merger would “present more opportunities to member companies and buyers of specialised logistics and transport services”.www.prioritycargonetwork.comlast_img

Boys short of funds for UK trip

first_imgCarl Damon and Sherwin Mei, and at the back are Ashraf Allie, Nabeal Dien, Punet Balan and Robert Zive. A Hanover Park cricket club, which will send a team of boys on a UK tour at the end of the month, is still trying to raise money for the trip. Seven adults and 14 boys, aged 11 to 13, from the Fish Rite Hanover Park Cricket Club have booked their flights, but they still need money for food backpacks, toiletries and sightseeing. The boys will compete in eight friendly cricket matches in England and also see an Ashes cricket test match between England and Australia in August. Club chairman Ashraf Allie said the club had used collection lists and tins, public appeals and crowdfunding, among things, to raise R250 000 for the tickets and R45 000 for the visas. The club was started in 1991 to give the youth of Hanover Park something to do. It now has 150 girls and boys.Mr Allie said the overseas trip was a great opportunity for the boys and they had been training hard.The club’s vice-captain, Sherwin Mei, said the team was excited to play abroad. “It’s a big opportunity for us, and the team feels very excited. We are also quite nervous, and we are hoping to improve our skills. We are excited to play some games there as well. We want to thank everyone who has helped us so far,” he said.Contact Mr Allie at 082 442 7920 if you can help.last_img read more

Steep Canyon Rangers – North Carolina Songbook: Live from Merlefest April 28th 2019 album review

first_imgCredit: Yep Roc RecordsAmerican bluegrass band Steep Canyon Rangers hail from North Carolina and they have become best-known for their collaborations with actor/musician Steve Martin. They’ve been releasing music since 2001 and their latest studio album Out in the Open was released in 2018. Their latest release is a live album, North Carolina Songbook: Live from Merlefest April 28th 2019, that sees the band playing through the history of their home state. Across the 8 tracks they put their own stamp on these classic songs, making them sound as if they are their own originals.North Carolina Songbook opens with a cover of Ben E. King’s Stand By Me, a song that was originally a soul track. While the band stays true to the original’s bassline, they inject their Country sensibilities through their vocals and the additional instrumentation they incorporate into their version. The song remains distinctly recognisable but it’s definitely a twist I’ve never heard on it before. That’s the way the band has approached each of these songs and it makes the album an interesting listen.Don’t Let Your Deal Go Down, a song that was popularised by Earl Scruggs and Charlie Poole, is one of the more faithful covers on this collection. It showcases the band’s impressive banjo skills and their harmonies. It’s the kind of song that fits them like a glove and this live recording is really something to behold. Blue Monk, a song from Thelonious Monk, is one of the more radical covers here. Firstly it’s a good 6 minutes shorter than the original version and secondly the jazz instrumentation has been transformed into bluegrass. Amazingly it works and the reimagining of it keeps the melody intact, making it recognisable.Elsewhere on the album James Taylor’s Sweet Baby James is given a harder Country sound, and is one of the best songs on the record Tommy Jerrell’s Drunkard’s Hiccups is given a more buoyant flavour, and Ola Belle Reed’s I’ve Endured has a tighter and quicker pace than the original. The album closes with Your Lone Journey, a simple arrangement of Doc Watson’s song. The harmonies are the big attraction here and they take the song to a new level.Steep Canyon Rangers can turn their hand to pretty much anything and they are without a doubt the leading bluegrass band in modern music. They are helping to preserve traditional bluegrass while forging their own path. North Carolina Songbook is a celebration of the music they’ve been inspired by and a tribute to their home state. I can only imagine what an experience seeing them live must be as these live recordings are incredibly impressive.Track listing: 1. Stand By Me (Ben E. King) 2. Don’t Let Your Deal Go Down (Earl Scruggs/Charlie Poole) 3. Blue Monk (Thelonious Monk) 4. Drunkard’s Hiccups (Tommy Jerrell) 5. Shake Sugaree (Elizabeth Cotton) 6. Sweet Baby James (James Taylor) 7. I’ve Endured (Ola Belle Reed) 8. Your Lone Journey (Doc Watson) Record label: Yep Roc Records Release date: 29th November 2019 Buy North Carolina Songbook: Live from Merlefest April 28th 2019last_img read more