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Mirror gazing: A compulsive and addictive aspect of body dysmorphic disorder

first_imgThe act of mirror gazing, the compulsive tendency to view and scrutinize oneself in the mirror, can play a major role in those who experience body dysmorphic disorder (BDD).  Researchers Joanna Silver and Jacqui Farrants examined this specific feature of BDD, and the results are striking.Body dysmorphic disorder, or BDD, is an obsessive-compulsive psychiatric disorder characterized by preoccupation with perceived flaws in appearance and repetitive behaviors—such as mirror checking— as noted by the DSM-V.  The disorder can be so severe that level of insight related to beliefs can be categorized as delusional.Silver and Farrants noted a lack of specific research related to mirror gazing and opted to examine this aspect of BDD via qualitative research.  Ten participants, who self-identified as having BDD, took 10-12 photographs of themselves, in addition to identifying four pre-existing photographs that linked to their BDD experience; writing about this experience and BDD was encouraged.  Via a taped recorded interview with researcher Silver, participants explored their experience of BDD by examining their photographs. Share on Facebook Pinterest LinkedIn Sharecenter_img Share on Twitter Four major content themes were identified in the study: the Self as an Aesthetic Object, Striving for the ‘Good Enough’ Self, the Confused Self, and the Imprisoned Self. Additional sub-themes also were identified, with research results focusing on the theme of Omnipotent Mirrors Trap the Self, a sub-theme of the Imprisoned Self.Self-report data were blunt and sometimes disturbing. For instance, “Jane,” a study participant remarked:“On the bad days when you are using a mirror, it, it really is a form of self-harm. It’s kind of like,because you are looking at it, you know you know what your faults are going to be, and they are about how disgusting that you are, um and then you just get, you get really sort of like sad as well, because it’s like fuck what am I going to do? I can’t continue to live with this face. It’s just, I don’t, you know no good is going to come of you.”Another participant, “Hannah,” conveyed how offensive she views her image:“I look like a monster I just don’t feel sort of human, Um, I just sort of say jokingly if I get up in the morning, don’t look at me I’ve got the pox or, like sometimes I really feel that kind of, I look diseased, like people in movies when they kind of make them up and it’s like I should be groaning.”Self-report data underscored the unusual relationship study participants have with mirrors and how pervasive mirror gazing can be.  In addition, the feeling of extreme shame emerged as a consistent byproduct of mirror gazing, and study authors link this feeling to defensive reactions and the inability to self-sooth.The study is not without its limitations, most notable of which is the limited sample size of 10 participants. Additionally, given that participants in the study were required to take photographs of themselves and document their study experience, and were therefore able to tolerate such an experience, the authors surmised that those most severely affected by BDD may not have been captured within the study.  However, the results were sufficient to demonstrate how consuming mirror gazing can be among those who experience BDD.The research, ‘I Once Stared at Myself in the Mirror for Eleven Hours,’ Exploring Mirror Gazing in Participants with Body Dysmorphic Disorder, was published in the May issue of the Journal of Health Psychology. Emaillast_img read more

Stewardship / Resistance Scan for Jul 25, 2019

first_imgStudy finds substantial costs, extended hospital stays from C diffA population-based analysis indicates that hospital-acquired Clostridioides difficile infection (HA-CDI) is associated with millions of dollars in attributable costs and with extended hospital stays, Canadian researchers reported today in Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology.In a multicenter, propensity-score–matched cohort study, researchers from the University of Calgary and Alberta Health Services compared adult inpatients at 14 Alberta hospitals who had developed HA-CDI with adult inpatients who had not developed HA-CDI, using data available from April 2012 through March 2016. The outcomes were attributable costs and length of stay at the hospital where HA-CDI was identified.The mean adjusted costs of HA-CDI cases was $83,155 (USD $64,178), compared with $12,465 (USD $9,620) for non-cases, with HA-CDI cases incurring more costs across all categories and having longer stays. Of the 2,916 HA-CDI cases at facilities with microcosting data available, 2,871 were matched to 13,024 non-cases. Adjusted outcomes after matching showed that the total adjusted cost among HA-CDI cases was 27% greater than non-cases (ratio, 1.27; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.21 to 1.33). The mean attributable cost of a typical HA-CDI case was $18,386 (USD $14,190). The adjusted length of stay among HA-CDI cases was 13% longer than non-cases (ratio, 1.13; 95% CI 1.07 to 1.19), corresponding to an extra 5.6 days in the hospital.Extrapolating those results to the entire cohort of HA-CDI cases that occurred in Alberta during the study period, the burden to the healthcare system was an additional 5,856 hospital days and an excess of $19,227,379 (USD $14,839,376) per year on average.The authors of the study conclude, “Our estimates will assist decision makers, healthcare providers, and patients in understanding the healthcare system burden of disease, justifying expenditures in intervention efforts and policies related to infection prevention and control, evaluating program effectiveness, determining allocation of research funding, and assessing the potential cost savings or bed days saved due to prevented infections.”Jul 25 Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol abstract MCR-1, MCR-3–carrying E coli reported in New ZealandResearchers from New Zealand yesterday reported the identification of the colistin-resistance genes MCR-1 and MCR-3 in a clinical Escherichia coli isolate. The findings were published in the Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy.The isolate, one of 23 clinical randomly collected in New Zealand from 2015 through 2018 and tested for colistin susceptibility, was from a woman in her late 60s with a spinal cord injury who was being treated for a urinary tract infection (UTI). Antimicrobial susceptibility testing showed that the isolate was resistant to multiple classes of antibiotics, and multilocus sequence typing identified it as belonging to ST101, an E coli sequence type found infrequently in New Zealand. Whole-genome sequencing located the MCR-1 and MCR-3 genes on separate plasmids, along with other antibiotic resistance genes, including blaCTX-M-55. Further inquiry revealed the patient had traveled to Thailand 4 months prior to her UTI, and the researchers suspect that the MCR-1 and MCR-3–carrying E coli was likely acquired there, since MCR-3 and blaCTx-M-55 have links to Thailand.To date, only two other clinical isolates carrying both MCR-1 and MCR-3—a Salmonella isolate and an E coli isolate—have been reported.Jul 24 J Antimicrob Chemother abstract Resistant Pseudomonas death in Utah linked to surgery in MexicoA Utah resident who died after traveling to Tijuana, Mexico, for weight-loss surgery tested positive for a multidrug-resistant form of Pseudomonas aeruginosa, according to a news release from the Utah Department of Health (UDOH).The patient was one of eight Utah residents who tested positive for Verona integron-encoded metallo-beta-lactamase–producing carbapenem-resistant P aeruginosa (VIM-CRPA) after getting weight-loss surgery in Tijuana. Interviews with patients or their family members revealed that seven of the eight patients had the same surgeon.The Utah VIM-CRPA cases are linked to similar cases that have been reported to state health departments and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) since September 2018. On May 24, the CDC reported that 12 VIM-CRPA cases with links to surgical procedures in Mexico had been identified in seven states. Eleven of the 12 patients reported having bariatric surgery at five hospitals in Mexico. Six of the patients were subsequently hospitalized in the United States for their infection, and one died.UDOH said individuals who had a surgical procedure in Tijuana during or after August 2018 and are experiencing signs of infection—including fever, redness, drainage from the surgical site, or swelling at the surgical site—should seek immediate medical care. The department is also recommending that residents not travel to Mexico for invasive surgical procedures.”I cannot stress enough the safest course of action is not to travel to Mexico for these procedures,” Allyn Nakashima, MD, manager of the UDOH Healthcare-Associated Infections/Antimicrobial Resistance Program, said. “Using an internationally accredited facility is not a guarantee that your medical care will be free of complications.”Jul 22 UDOH news release May 23 CIDRAP News stewardship/resistance scanlast_img read more

Katy’s Courage 5K

first_imgOn an unseasonably cool Sag Harbor morning, hundreds of participants raced through the village in support of Katy’s Courage. The 5K was held last Saturday, April 21. Ryan Fowkes was the first to cross the finish line, with a staggering time of 16:48.Katy’s Courage was founded by Brigid and Jim Stewart after their 12-year-old daughter lost her courageous battle against a rare form of pediatric liver cancer. Katy’s struggle was courageous and inspiring to all who knew her. The not-for-profit organizes fundraising events like Saturday’s 5K and donates the proceeds to pediatric cancer research, local school scholarships, and Katy’s Kids @ CMEE.For more information about Katy’s Courage visit the website www.katyscourage.org. For the results of the race, visit www.elitefeats.com. Sharelast_img read more

Oxy reveals CEO successor

first_imgOccidental Petroleum Corporation (Oxy) has approved a CEO succession plan and promoted Vicki A. Hollub to Senior Executive Vice President of Occidental and President – Oxy Oil and Gas, responsible for operations in the United States, Middle East region and Latin America. Hollub has served as Executive Vice President of Occidental and President, Oxy Oil and Gas – Americas, since 2014, and will succeed Stephen I. Chazen as CEO of Occidental after a thorough transition period, the company reports.Chazen said: “The board and I congratulate Vicki on her well-deserved promotion. After a thoughtful succession review, the board selected Vicki based on her strong track record of successfully growing our domestic oil and gas business profitably and efficiently. I look forward to working with her to prepare her for the CEO role and to stepping aside when she is ready to take it on.”Commenting on the preparation period, Hollub said: “I am excited about the opportunity to work with Steve in preparation to lead this great company. I have enjoyed an incredibly rewarding career with Occidental and believe we have a terrific platform to further increase the value of the company for our investors, employees and partners.”Accordy to Oxy,  Hollub has nearly 35 years of experience in the oil and gas industry, holding a variety of technical and leadership roles in the company. Her career begun in 1981 with Cities Service, the company that was Occidental acquired in 1982.last_img read more

Crossrail agreements signed

first_imgUK: A series of core funding and governance agreements paving the way for construction of the long-planned Crossrail route under London were signed on December 4 by Transport Minister Andrew Adonis and Mayor of London Boris Johnson. A parallel deal was finalised with the City of London Corporation which will contribute up to £350m towards the £15·9bn project. As anticipated, the project development company Cross London Rail Links Ltd will become a wholly-owned subsidiary of Transport for London with effect from December 5. CLRL was previously a 50:50 joint venture between TfL and the Department of Transport. The package included three main governance and funding agreements: The Sponsors Agreement between DfT and Transport for London sets out the overall management, ownership and governance of the project; The Project Development Agreement between CLRL, DfT and TfL appoints CLRL as project deliverer for Crossrail; The Shareholders Agreement between CLRL and TfL enables CLRL to become a 100% subsidiary of TfL. Lord Adonis described the signing of the package as ‘a landmark moment in the delivery of Crossrail’ which ‘once again signals the commitment of businesses to this vital project. It is a hugely important scheme that will be crucial in keeping London and the rest of the country globally competitive.’ The City of London Corporation has agreed to make a direct contribution of £200m, and has guaranteed a further £50m of £150m which is being sought as contributions from local businesses. Pointing out that ‘Crossrail is critical to the future of London’s economy and it is essential that we continue to make major improvements to our transport infrastructure during these challenging times’, Sir Michael Snyder said the corporation was ‘delighted to support the funding of this vitally important new railway’. Since the Crossrail Bill received Royal Assent on July 22, the project has been moving ahead rapidly with the appointment of new Board members, preparatory works for utlities diversion and the establishment of a special design panel for the central London stations. Tendering has also started for project management and project delivery teams, with a view to starting construction in 2010. The current financing agreement supersedes the Heads of Terms published last year after the £15·9bn funding package was announced by the Prime Minister on October 5 2007. DfT is responsible for providing £5·6bn, with with the Mayor, via Transport for London and the Greater London Authority, contributing a further £7·7bn. Network Rail is delivering £2·3bn of works, and a £230m contribution from airport operator BAA was announced last month. As part of the GLA/TfL share, £300m is to be raised through developer contributions. A Business Rate Supplement levied on London largest businesses will support £3·5bn of funding, and the government introduced legislation on December 4 to enable this. Crossrail’s 21 km twin-bored tunnels under central London will link existing lines to Maidenhead and Heathrow in the west with routes to Shenfield and Abbey Wood in the east, creating a high-capacity corridor totalling 118 route-km. Accommodating up to 24 trains/h, it is expected to boost rail capacity in the capital by around 10% when it opens in 2017.last_img read more

AFCON2021 qualifiers: Senegal, Nigeria win, Cameroon held at home

first_imgAfrica Cup Of Nations trophy during the 2015 Orange Africa Cup of Nations Final soccer match, Ivory Coast vs Ghana at Bata stadium in Bata, Equatorial Guinea on February 8 2015. Ivory Coast defeated Ghana by 9-8 after the extra time and penalty kicks and claimed the title. Photo by Christian Liewig (Photo by liewig christian/Corbis via Getty Images) FILE PHOTO: Africa Cup Of Nations trophy is seen during a past Africa Cup of Nations Final. (Photo by liewig christian/Corbis via Getty Images)Senegal and Nigeria were among the winners on Wednesday as the qualifiers for the 2021 Africa Cup of Nations kicked off across the continent.Senegal’s Lions of Teranga, runners-up at AFCON 2019 in Egypt earlier this year, secured a 2-0 win against Congo in Group I at the Stade Lat Dior in Thiès courtesy of goals from Sidy Sarr and Habibou Diallo.Senegal lies in second place in the group behind Guinea-Bissau who beat eSwatini 3-0 at the Estádio Nacional 24 de Setembro in Bissau.In Group L, Nigeria came from a goal down beat neighbours Benin 2-1 at the Ibom Stadium in Uyo. Stephane Sessegnon opened the scoring for Benin before a late first-half penalty from Victor Osimhen and a second half strike from Samuel Kalu secured the win.The group’s other game saw Lesotho score an injury-time equaliser to salvage a 1-1 draw against Sierra Leone in Freetown.Meanwhile, in Group F, five-time African champions Cameroon settled for a goalless draw against Cape Verde at the Ahmadou Ahidjo Stadium in Yaoundé. This was the second match in which the Indomitable Lions were led by coach Toni Conceicao, who was appointed in September to replace Clarence Seedorf.In Group D, Assan Ceesay scored twice and Sulayman Marreh added a late goal as Gambia came from behind to claim a 3-1 win away to Angola.Central Africa Republic scored a goal in either half to beat Burundi 2-0 in Group E.Burkina Faso and Uganda played out to a 1-1 draw while Malawi defeated South Sudan by a solitary goal in Group B.In Group A, Namibia edged Chad 2-1 in Windhoek with all the goals coming in the second half.Sudan went top of Group C following a 4-0 thumping of 10-man Sao Tome e Principe ahead of the game between Ghana and South Africa.Related Nigeria beats Senegal to win the 2017 FIBA Women’s AfroBasket Brazil Celebrates as Cameroon go Home center_img Tunisia beats Nigeria to win Afrobasket 2017last_img read more

Teledyne Paradise Delivers First Embedded Hub Canceller for SATCOM Applications

first_imgTeledyne Paradise Datacom, part of the Teledyne Defense Electronics Group has announced the addition of a major new feature to its QMultiFlex-400 Hub for point-to-multipoint (P2MP) satellite IP systems.Operators desiring frequency re-use between outbound and inbound carriers must deploy a separate unit after the modem in a point-to-multipoint system. By utilizing the QMultiFlex-400 with its unique Embedded Hub Canceller, Operators can now enjoy several major advantages, including:Up to 50% bandwidth cost savingsSmaller footprint – less required rack spaceReduced power consumptionSimpler and easier to deploy and operateBy enabling a ‘two units in one’ solution, the embedded hub canceller builds even further on the unique engineering design advantages offered by the QMultiFlex in the first place. QMultiFlex already enabled Operators to replace an entire rack of hub equipment with a single box, at a fraction of the price. With this new feature, QMultiFlex now supports the broadest and most powerful suite of bandwidth-saving technologies on the market, and all in a single box.Additional bandwidth saving features include DVB-S2X, ACM, TCP Acceleration, and header and payload compression. By deploying the Hub Canceller, Operators can overlay the inbound carriers underneath the outbound carrier either wholly or partially, substantially reducing operational expenditures. A single modem with an embedded canceller is used at the hub, and no additional equipment is required at the remote locations. The technology uses adaptive self-interference cancellation to remove the outbound signal, which is present within the inbound signals using the same frequency band. The resulting canceller output is the desired signals from the remote terminals.The QMultiFlex-400 supports up to 16 integrated demodulators. Other notable features include XStream IP advanced IP optimization, the Q-NET Navigator network control application, and data rates to 345 Mbps outbound and inbound. QMultiFlex-400 is ideally suited for IP trunking/backhaul and cellular backhaul, broadcast, Comms-on-the-move (COTM), maritime, oil and gas, and corporate and governmental networking applications.Click here to learn more about the QMultiFlex-400 Hub.Teledyne was meant to showcase this product at the SATELLITE 2020 event in Washington DC this week, however did not attend due the coronavirus outbreak. Click here to see everything RF’s coverage of the SATELLITE 2020 event.last_img read more

Browns to Meet with Cowboys Secondary Coach Jerome Henderson About Coaching Job

first_imgThe Browns will have a sit down with Cowboys defensive backs coach Jerome Henderson for their head coaching vacancy. He’s got a connection with the Browns, as he was the teams’ defensive backs coach from 2009-2011. He also played eight years with four different NFL teams (Pats, Bills, Eagles and Jets). Matt Loede Related TopicsBrownsJerome Hendersoncenter_img Matt Loede has been a part of the Cleveland Sports Media for over 21 years, with experience covering Major League Baseball, National Basketball Association, the National Football League and even high school and college events. He has been a part of the Cleveland Indians coverage since the opening of Jacobs/Progressive Field in 1994, and spent two and a half years covering the team for 92.3 The Fan, and covers them daily for Associated Press Radio. You can follow Matt on Twitter HERE.last_img read more

Report: Millwall Under-18s 2-1 Bristol City U18s

first_imgDespite scoring first, City were hit with a late goal in each half as they succumbed to defeat in South London.Trialist Tom Harrison, previously on the books of Bristol Rovers’ youth setup, headed the opener after eight minutes from Harry Smith’s corner.But the young Lions levelled two minutes before half-time with a screamer from 25 yards.Ricardo Rees came within a whisker of restoring City’s advantage with a planted header that flashed wide of the far post.The winner arrived in the final ten minutes from a set-play, as the Under-18s were condemned to a second straight 2-1 loss.Coach Trevor Challis said: “We rested a number of players with Tuesday’s FA Youth Cup tie (versus Birmingham City) in mind.“The lads who came in did really well, especially the Under-16s, and we were unfortunate not to come away with something from the game.”City Under-18s: Begovic, Turner-Williams, Webb, Hall, Harrison, Spark, Rees, Harry Smith (Ali), V.Harper, Conway (Bell), S.Pearson (Day).last_img read more